Volkmanns ischemic contracture

The brachial artery is the major artery that transverses the antecubital fossa; injury to the brachial artery will cause radiating pain, decreased skin temperature, decreased pulses, and pallor of the distal arm and may result in Volkmann contracture.

The Volmann’s ischemic contracture is a contracture of the flexor muscles and median and ulnar nerve palsies. a long-term sequelae of compartimental syndrome and posterior elbow dislocation.

It could be prevented by early microvascular repair of brachial artery injuries.